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Official certificates

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

Level A - Basic user


Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.


Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Level B - Independent user


Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.


Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Level C - Proficient user


Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.


Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.

Source: Council of Europe,

• CAE C1 - Certificate in Advanced English, Cambridge Assessment English (March 2016). Cambridge Assessment English is an ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe) Full Member.

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• DALF C1 - Diplôme Approfondi de Langue Française, Centre international d'études pédagogiques (CIEP) (August 2016). The DALF qualification is issued by the French Ministry for National Education and valid throughout the world. The CIEP is an ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe) Full Member.

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• Goethe-Zertifikat B2, Goethe-Institut (July 2016). The Goethe-Institut is an ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe) Full Member. It is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with 159 institutes, promoting the study of the German language abroad and encouraging international cultural exchange and relations. It is named after German poet and statesman Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

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• PLIDA C2 - Progetto Lingua Italiana Dante Alighieri, Società Dante Alighieri (November 2018). Società Dante Alighieri is an ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe) Institutional Affiliate. PLIDA exams are recognised by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, The Italian Ministry of Interior, The Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, and the Sapienza University of Rome.

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